Special features of this mosque lacking a courtyard and minaret which is integral part of all Islamic mosques, a 45 degree turn north-south axis relative to the Qibla axis, low dome mosque, unmatched altar al-mosque and exquisite and verse The heads are housed in a marble vase. Located on the eastern side of Naghsh-e Jahan Square and opposite the Palace of Aliqapu, a mosque in the Safavid era was also called Sadr Mosque and Fathullah Mosque. What the Safavid architecture had achieved was flourishing. What puts the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque among the most prominent examples of Iranian-Islamic art is its small size and its harmony with the surrounding buildings.
The beautiful and high-rise mosque was finished in year 1012, but the rest of the mosque and its tile decorations lasted for 1028 year. Inscription on the third floor, very beautifully painted with white mosaic tile inscribed on azure background, and the signature of Alireza Abbasi, a prominent calligraphy of the Safavid era. The mosque was built by shah Abbas in honor of Sheikh Lotfollah, a Shiite cleric who came to Iran from Lebanon. To devote himself to the shrine and to himself. There was also a school next to the mosque to teach this prominent scientist, which today is no trace. It is perhaps for this reason that the European tourists of the Safavid era who visited every building with curiosity and scrutiny wrote less than this mosque, and only Peter and Duvalleh described it. Eugene Frenchman of France also wrote about it at the time of Qajar. (One foreign visitor believes that the mosque was not allowed to enter because of its specificity).
One of the features of the mosque is a 45 degree rotation from north to south towards the Qibla axis. This turn, called the heel of traditional Iranian architecture, is so subtle that it does not attract the attention of the viewer. This rotation allowed the visitor to enter the main space and area below the dome after crossing the dark entrance and after crossing the long corridor attached to it. The low-rise dome of the mosque contains slim lines that spread magnificently over the earth's dome color, displaying unparalleled harmony in design and color. The unique altar of the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, which dates back to and is signed by Mohammad Reza bin Master Hossein Bana Esfahani, is one of the masterpieces of Iranian Islamic architecture and art that lends awe to every visitor. Exterior inscription of the third dome with white mosaic mosaic on azure background containing suras of the Holy Quran. The inscription lines inside the dome of the mosque were written by Alireza Abbasi and other calligraphers who are not well known and whose name is Master Baqir. The content of these inscriptions is Quranic verses and religious expressions. In addition, the building's lines are scribbled with black tile on the white background of Qur'anic verses.
In the rectangle inside the mosque once again verses with white third line are written on azure background with white mosaic tile. On the east and west sides of the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque there are poems written in Arabic, which is also in the third line, according to experts in their process, the Baha'i Sheikh. The calligraphy of these inscriptions is also based on Bagher. In front of the mosque there was a very beautiful eardrum that was constantly full of water. The pond was destroyed in the late Qajar period. Although the specificity of the mosque has made fewer visitors to it, it can be claimed that the mosque of Sheikh Lotfollah is one of the most prominent works of the Safavid era. The exquisite inscriptions and lanterns embedded in the marble vase awaken the immortal beauty of the viewer so much that he is convinced that the architecture was inspired. Because it has a special way of praying to God. Also, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is the most beautiful and famous mosque in Iran and is very popular among Iranian and foreign tourists. The ornamentation used in this mosque, especially its unmatched tiles, is so spectacular that the words are beyond description. The architecture of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is an example of some of the most exquisite and top-notch architectures in Iran and perhaps around the world, familiarizing you with some of the genius of Isfahan architects. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque has the most circular dome in the world, one of the most beautiful in the world. The Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is located in the Naghsh-e-Jahan square, and besides visiting the mosque you can visit other attractions such as the AliQapu Palace, Imam Mosque and Isfahan Bazaar.
Sheikh Lotfullah reaching information
Isfahan, Naqsh-e Jahan Square
09:00 - 17:00 - except Fridays
Cultural & Historical