All you need to know about Chehel Sotoun Palace

The Chehel Soton Palace is one of the main tourist attractions of Isfahan which has only attracted many tourists from all over the world by doubling its columns. The Chehel Soton Palace is one of the landmarks of Isfahan province and is an example of a royal garden built in the Safavid era. The Chehel Soton Palace is located in Isfahan's Governorate Street and has an area of over 67000 square meters. The concept of Chehel Soton is understood by reflecting the 40 columns in the basin facing the building. The number 40 in Iran indicates a plurality of numbers, which also reflects the large number of columns in the magnificent Chehel Soton palace.

Chehel Soton Palace History

Isfahan's Chehel soton Garden is an example of a royal garden from the Safavid period. It was difficult to comment on the history of the Chehel Soton building until the solar year 1327, as the exact date was not available. However, in the same year as a result of excavations, at the front of the palace hall, two poems were found from under the plaster, one shorter and more pink in color, attributing the building of the Chehel Soton hall to Shah Abbas and ending the year at 1057 AH. He specifies that another, which is longer and has blue plaster lines, indicates the reign of King Sultan Hossein. One of the urban plans of Shah Abbas and after the city of Isfahan was selected as the capital in the year 1007 AH, was the construction of a beautiful and long street of Chahar Bagh and numerous gardens around it. The succession of gardens such as dugout garden, nightingale garden, octopus garden, Fathabad garden, pine garden, Nastaran garden, Khalat garden, English garden and other gardens were included in the planning principles of Isfahan. Today, with the exception of the Eighth Gardens and the Chehel Soton Gardens, other gardens have been destroyed and there is only one name left.

With the choice of Isfahan as the capital and the expansion of the city to the south and the construction of the Imam Square, the establishment of the royal palaces was established by Sheikh Baha'i. The vast expanse of space in what was then called the State House, and future studies, are all indications of the ingenuity, talent, and creativity of the prominent Sheikh Baha'i scholar. The complex of palaces that started (Aaliqapu) continued to the central and central square of the Abbasi Chahar Bagh. In this large courtyard, which was also home to several royal palaces, buildings such as Ashraf Hall - Sheikh Khaneh - Eighth Palace - Towhid Khan - and some other buildings were built.

Sightseeing of Chehel soton Palace

  • Hall 18 Columns
  • Mirror Hall
  • Four corners of the central pond
  • Great gilding decorations and Kingdom Hall paintings
  • An image of Shah Abbas with a special crown
  • Works such as the head of the mosque Qutbiyeh and the corner doors of the Kushk door and the door mosque of Jubara and Aghasi mosque that are installed on the west and south walls of the garden.

Chehel soton Palace Architecture

Chehel soton Palace is one of the earliest buildings in which extensive ornamentation, mirrors, large murals and wooden columns have been used with headstones. All the walls were decorated with stunning mirrors, glass and colorful paintings and all the doors and windows were inlaid. The skill and mastery of the Iranians is well illustrated in the design of the palace, where the exterior of the mansion is so interconnected with its interior that it is impossible to determine where one ends and the other begins. The main porch and impressive porch with numerous columns that are characteristic of the building. The architecture of this palace is a blend of Chinese, Iranian and French art. The Chehel soton Mansion consists of a large (3m) main porch 17m wide and 14m height east. The porches of octagon are made of sycamore and pine. The 110-meter-long, 16-meter-wide mansion in front of the mansion now gives the palace a unique freshness. In the past, water leaps in the middle of the hall from the mouths of the lions at the four corners of the pond and the stone fountains that dotted in the small atmosphere around the mansion gave special protection to the mansion. Pool fittings in front of the palace were designed to see the image of the palace in the water and the darkness of the pool floor to reflect it even deeper.

The Chehel soton Palace porch is made up of two sections, one consisting of 18 wooden pillars and four pillars in the middle, which are placed on 4 stone lions and their carvings are shown as two lions to a human head. From the mouth of these four faucets he would burst into the marble dock of the hall. The other part, which is slightly higher, forms the entrance hall of the hall. And in some sources it is called the Hall of Mirrors. This section is divided into two columns and is decorated with wide and high-end mirrors, in which fine and fine mirrors are used with diagonal mirrors along with stairs and adobe mirrors. Different geometries are made. The picture of the marble basin in the middle of the porch can be seen in the decoration of the roof. We recommend that the best time to visit Fort Chehel soton is the first hours of the day or sunset and remember to bring your own camera to take unique photos of this monument.

Complementary Information

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No. 1, Professor Rollen St, 30 Tir st, Imam Khomeini Ave.

Opening Hours

09:00 - 17:00

Attraction Type

Cultural & Historical Museum

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